Image Description

Speaker Wheel

Every lesson is a combination of Teacher Talk, Student Talk, and the Overlaps and Pauses between the two. This visualization provides an overview of how these four elements were distributed for your lesson.

Of the total lesson time, 74% was Teacher Talk and 7% was Student Talk, with an additional 6% of Overlaps. The remaining 13% was Pauses between Speakers in which nobody spoke.

Teacher Talk includes any speaking the teacher does during a lesson.

Teacher Talk facilitates sharing new information, providing clarification, crafting context, and offering guidance and support. Typically, the more new content or skills a lesson covers, the more Teacher Talk may be necessary. However, the general goal is to have a balance of Teacher Talk and Student Talk (Hattie, 2012).

Student Talk includes any speaking done by one or more students during a lesson.

Student Talk helps students process their learning, gather and share information, practice new skills and concepts, and build connections with others in the class (Mulvalhill, 2018). Increases in Student Talk are often associated with increases in student engagement (Hattie, 2012).


You predicted that your lesson today would include 60% Teacher Talk. How does this compare to what you see in the Speaker Wheel?

This indicates a match between your expectation and your practice. You had a good sense of how much you and your students were talking during this lesson!

This indicates a mismatch between your expectation and your practice. Consider reviewing the distribution of Teacher and Student Talk for similar lessons, to see if this pattern is typical for you.

The first step toward knowing what is typical for you is gathering information. Consider uploading recordings of 2-3 more lessons to TeacherPrints and generating their corresponding visualizations. Reviewing these will give you a better sense of what the distribution of Talk usually looks like in your class.

Consider what changes you could make to bring your actions more in line with your expectations. Start by reviewing the statement-by-statement breakdown of your lesson provided in the Speech Map.

Consider what factors in or out of today’s class may have led to this unusual talk distribution. Make a list! Are there things on this list that you could manage more consciously in the future? Pick one or two and focus on addressing these before your next lesson.


You indicated that your goal for a lesson like this is 50% Teacher Talk. How close are you to your Talk Time goal?

Great job! You are meeting your talk management goals for this type of lesson. Take a few moments to think about choices you made before and during this lesson that made your achievement possible.

How might you apply these strategies to other types of lessons where your talk management could still improve?

Are there insights you could share with colleagues to help them meet their Talk Time goals for this type of lesson?

That’s okay! You are making progress toward your talk management goals for this type of lesson.

Take a few moments to think about choices you made before and during this lesson that could be making it harder for you to achieve your goals.

Looking for some ideas about how you can reduce Teacher Talk time and increase Student Talk time? Here are some links to get you started:

As you become more mindful about the balance of Teacher and Student Talk during your lessons, it will be easier to set and work toward specific Talk Time goals.


For additional reflection on Teacher and Student Talk, visit the Talk Time module. How does this compare to what you see in the Speaker Wheel?

Want to look at Talk Time? Go here

Pauses typically indicate that a speaker is waiting for a response or thinking about how they want to respond. To review an analysis of Pauses from today’s lesson, visit the Pauses module.

Want to look at Pauses? Go here

Overlaps occur when the teacher and students are talking at the same time. To review an analysis of Overlaps from today’s lesson, visit the Overlaps module.

Want to look at Overlaps? Go here